Documentation for python-stdnet's DEVELOPMENT version. Get the release docs here.


Redis is an advanced key-value store where each key is associated with a value. What makes Redis different from many other key-value databases, is that values can be of different types:

  • Strings
  • Lists
  • Sets
  • Sorted Sets
  • Hash tables

In other words, you can look at redis as a data structure server, the networked equivalent of the standard template library in C++.

Redis loads and maintains the whole data-set into memory, but the data-set is persistent, since at the same time it is saved on disk, so that when the server is restarted data can be loaded back in memory. If you need speed, Redis is great solution.


stdnet is a made up word from std for Standard Template Library and net for networked.


Connection String

The connection string is a way to specify the various parameters of the backend to use. Redis supports the following parameters:

  • db, the database number.
  • namespace, the namespace for all the keys used by the backend.
  • password, database password.
  • timeout, connection timeout (0 is an asynchronous connection).

A full connection string could be:


Model data

Each stdnet.odm.StdModel class has an associated base key which specifies the namespace for all keys associated with it:

>>> from stdnet import getdb
>>> from stdnet.apps.searchengine import WordItem
>>> rdb = getdb('redis://localhost:6379?db=7&namespace=bla.')
>>> rdb.basekey(WordItem._meta)


Each stdnet.odm.StdModel instance is mapped into a redis Hash table. The hash table key is uniquely evaluated by the model hash and the id of the model instance and it is stored at:


For example, a WordItem with id 1 is mapped by the database handler in the code snipped above, into a redis hash table at key bla.searchengine.worditem:obj:1. The hash fields and values are given by the field name and values of the model instance.


Indexes are obtained by using sets with keys obtained using the following form:

<<basekey>>:idx:<<field name>>:<<field value>>

If the model specify an implicit ordering via the stdnet.odm.Metaclass.ordering attribute, indexes are stored in sorted sets rather than sets.

Unique Constratins

For some models you may need to specify certain field to be unique across the Model. For example the following User model:

class User(odm.StdModel):
    username = odm.SymbolField(unique=True)
    emauil = odm.SymbolField(unique=True)
    password = odm.CharField(required=True)

specifies two constrains. In redis these constraints are stored into two separate hash tables with key given by:

<<basekey>>:uni:<<field name>>

Therefore our User model will have two additional hash tables at:


Each hash table map a field value to the id containing that value

Redis Session

Redis stdnet.odm.Session and Query are handled by lua scripts which perform them in a single atomic operation.

Redis Query

A stdnet.odm.Query is handled in redis by two different lua scripts:

  • the first is script performs the aggregation of which results in a temporary redis key holding the ids resulting from the query operations.
  • The second script is used to load the data from redis into the client.



The list of arguments passed to the stdnet.lib.lua.load_query script:

  • query_key, the redis key holding the ids from the aggregation step.
  • basekey the prefix to apply to all keys in the model to aggregate.
  • List of field to loads as [num_fields, field1, ...]. if num_fields is 0, all model fields will load.
  • List of related model to load as [num_rel_models, rel_models1, ...].

Asynchronous Connection

Client Extensions

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